Arabic Language and Literature


 

The Arabic Language and Literature Department which was founded in 1983 simultaneous with the establishment of Tarbiat Modares University began its activities under the direction of late. Dr. Firouz Harirchi who was a walk of fame in the field of Arabic language and literature in Iran. This department owes its prosperity to the efforts of leading Iranian scholars such as late, Dr. Harirchi, late, Dr. Ayenevand, Dr. Anvar, Dr. Azartash Azarnoosh and Dr. Mohammad Fazeli, scholars who were able to educate a new generation of Arabic language and literature graduates and bring about new developments in this field. Since its establishment, this department has followed the mission of training faculty members in Arabic Language and Arabic Literature at graduate and postgraduate levels. At the beginning, the department offered only Arabic language program at master level; however, with the efforts of the teaching staff of the department in the following years, the curriculum of Arabic Literature was developed and the department offered it at master level too. While in Ph.D. the title of the field was still Arabic language and Literature, major reforms were introduced in the curriculum at Tarbiat Modares University. The Arabic Language and Literature Department of Tarbiat Modares University is considered a leading department among its counterparts in Iran in updating the Ph.D. curriculum. Arabic Language and Literature enjoys an important position in the great Islamic culture and civilization; therefore, it has been taught in many well-known universities of the world and famous universities of Iran since many years ago. After the Islamic Revolution, due to the cultural nature of this field, it was set up at most universities (both state and Azad universities) at undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels. Arabic language, in addition to being the language of the Quran and the religious language of Muslims and bearing the legacy of Islamic civilization, is also one of the living languages of the world and is spoken by hundreds of millions of people in more than 20 countries. Moreover, it has a unique historical and cultural relation with Persian language and literature. Needless to say, cultural and educational policy makers of the country have paid special attention to Arabic language and literature, as article 16 of the Islamic Republics constitution obligates the teaching of Arabic language at junior and senior high schools. The field of Arabic language and literature falls into two categories, Arabic language and Arabic literature; but by 2006, this field of study was offered under the general term of "Arabic language and literature". A survey conducted in the Arab and non-Arab countries showed that sub-disciplines such as "Arabic language teaching and "Arabic Literature and the "literary criticism and comparative literature are common fields of study there. Therefore, after holding long discussions and consultation with domestic and foreign scholars, especially after holding talks with several heads of Arabic Language Departments, the Arabic language and literature department of TMU decided to establish independent courses such as Arabic literature and Arabic language teaching. Thanks to God and the efforts of faculty staff, the department succeeded in establishing the course of Arabic literature in 2008, which later became the Arabic literature department in 2016. The Arabic language teaching was established in 2013.
The objectives of the Arabic literature department fall into two categories, primary and secondary objectives as described below:

A: primary goal:

To educate competent and committed scholars in the field of Arabic language and literature.

B: Secondary goals:

  1. To develop a deep understanding of the language of Quran and Islamic texts
  2. To strengthen the understanding of literary and artistic texts
  3. To assist in the recognition of the Arabic culture and the great Islamic civilization in order to help rebuild the modern Islamic civilization
  4. To strengthen cultural and literary interaction with the Islamic and the Arab world
  5. To help to enrich national culture and literature (Persian)
  6. To provide a deep acquaintance with the intellectual and literary schools

The objectives of Arabic Language Teaching department can be summarized as:

  1. Introducing Arabic language teaching theories based on modern linguistics
  2. Introducing the phonology and semantics of Arabic language in order to understand the concepts
  3. Introducing various Arabic texts
  4. Improving the four language skills (reading, writing, speaking, listening)
  5. Reinforcing interest in teaching Arabic language
  6. Helping the Ministry of Education to educate teachers who are knowledgeable and efficient in teaching Arabic
  7. Assisting the Ministry of Education in holding Arabic language teaching workshops
  8. Assisting the Ministry of Education in holding teachers in-service training courses

However, by adapting a scholarly and applied approach, Arabic language and literature courses at Ph.D. level are designed to familiarize students with various fields of ancient and modern Arabic language and literature, taking into account the indigenous needs of the country, especially in the context of the interaction of Arabic language and literature with Persian language and literature.

The objectives of Arabic language and literature at Ph.D. level are:

  1. Educating professionals in various fields of Arabic language and literature
  2. Understanding the needs of the country in Arabic language and literature through conducting research
  3. Training young professionals based on literary and criticism developments related to Arabic language and literature
  4. Providing to institutes and research centers young forces specialized in Arabic language and literature.
  5. Training young teachers familiar with new techniques and skills of language and literature to fill the existing gaps at universities